Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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aquasalis Curry

1932:566 (M*, L; tarsimaculatus var.).
Type-loc: Panama Canal Zone (LU)

Additional References:
Gabaldon, Cova-Garcia and Lopez 1940:10 (P*, L*).
Rozeboom and Gabaldon 1941:91 (M*; to sp. status; tax.).
Rozeboom 1942a:242 (E*; tax.).
Ross and Roberts 1943a:33 (M*, F*, L*).
Cova-Garcia 1946, fig. 1 (E*), 35 (L*), 87 (F*), 122 (M*).
Coher 1948(1949):87 (F).
Faran 1980:75 (M*, F*, P*, L*).
Linley, Lounibos and Conn 1993:198 (E*).
Flores-Mendoza and Lourenco de Oliveira 1996 (bion.)
Maldonado et al. 1997 (E*; tax.)
Grillet et al. 1998 (bion.)
Khouri and Lopes 2000 (F gen.)
Fairley et al. 2002 (pop. gen.)
Sinka et al. 2010: 72 (bionomics review, distr., niche model)
Conn et al. 2013 (bion., vec. status)

Synonyms:

Distribution:
Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guyana, Martinique, Montserrat, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela

Bionomics:
An. aquasalis is the only species primarily restricted to the coast. This species preferentially occurs in brackish water such as in mangrove swamps and coastal ground pools. However, aquasalis is capable of living in fresh water and often is collected several kilometers from the coast. (Faran and Linthicum 1981:8)

Medical Importance:
An. aquasalis is a primary vector of malaria in the Lesser Antilles, and in Trinidad and Tobago. Along the coast of Brazil, the Guianas and possibly Venezuela, it is always a potential vector but usually only important when it occurs in large numbers. An. aquasalis feeds readily on man and is commonly collected in houses. In the past it has been an important vector of malaria in coastal Brazil. (Faran and Linthicum 1981:9)