Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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arabiensis Patton

1905:625 (M*, F*, L, E*).
Type-loc: Aden Hinterland [West Aden Protectorate] (LU)

Additional References:
White 1975:311 (resurrected from syn. with gambiae; distr.).
Mattingly 1977:324 (tax.).
Rodhain et al. 1977:279 (distr.).
Sinka et al. 2010: 117 (bionomics review, distr., niche model)

Synonyms:
  • syn. davidsoni Ribiero, DaCunha Ramos, Pires and Capela

Distribution:
Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Guinea Bissau, Kenya, Madagascar (includes Glorioso & Juan De NovaIs), Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Reunion, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan and South Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Bionomics:
An. arabiensis larvae are found in relative short duration habitats (3-5 weeks) with high turbidity and lacking in aquatic vegitation or surface film. Chosen breeding sites appear to be associated with cattle, the preferred host. (Gimnig, Ombok, Kamau and Hawley 2001:286)

Medical Importance:
An. arabiensis, along with gambiae andfunestus are the primary vectors of malaria in sub-Saharan Africa. (Gimnig et al. 2001:282)