Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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cruzii Dyar and Knab

1908:53 (nom. nov. for lutzii Theobald 1901a, non Cruz 1901).
Type-loc: 1908:53 (nom. nov. for lutzii Theobald 1901a, non Cruz 1901)

Additional References:
Davis 1926: [F*].
Komp 1937b:504 (M*, L; tax.; to sp. status).
Netto 1940:32 (L*).
Cova Garcia 1946, fig. 1 (E*), 59 (L), 105 (F*), 129 (M).
Barreto and Coutinho 1950(1951):177 (tax.).
Lima 1952 401 (L*).
Lane 1953:285 (M*, F, L).
Zavortink 1973:23 (M*, F*, L).
Linton et al. 2013:100-109 (dist., Ecuador)
Berti et al. 2014: (distr., Venezuela).

Synonyms:

Distribution:
Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela

Bionomics:
The immatures are found in the leaf axils of bromeliads. Females readily bite humans, especially during the evening and night. In southeastern Brazil it occurs in a variety of habitats from the coast into the mountains. (Zavortink 1973:25)

Medical Importance:
In southeastern Brazil cruzii is a primary vector of human malaria and it is a natural vector of monkey malaria in the region. (Zavortink 1973:25)