Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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darlingi Root

1926:706 (M*, F*, P*, L*, E*).
Type-loc: Caxiribu, nr. Porto das Caixas, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (USNM)

Additional References:
Komp 1942:66 (F*), 112 (P*, L*), 152 (M*).
Rozeboom 1942a:237 (E*; tax.).
Ross and Roberts 1943a:29 (M*, F*, L*).
Cova Garcia 1946, fig. 1 (E*), 30 (L*), 82 (F*),116 (M*).
Romeo Viamonte and Castro 1951:320 (F*).
Kreutzer, Kitzmiller and Ferreira 1972:555 (chromosomes*).
Linthicum 1988:170 (M*, F, P*, L*).
Linley 1992:40 (E*).
Lounibos, Wilkerson, Conn, Hribar, Fritz and Danoff-Burg 1998:830(genetics, tax.).
Sinka et al. 2010: 72 (bionomics review, distr., niche model)
Conn et al. 2013 (bion., distr.)
Berti et al. 2014:(distr., Venezuela).

Synonyms:

Distribution:
Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela

Bionomics:
The immatures of darlingi have been collected in streams and ponds with mud bottoms, ground pools, and swamps. Most of the immatures were in partially shaded areas. All the sites contained grassy or floating vegetation and sometimes green algae. The water was clear, never turbid or polluted. The sites were usually in areas of secondary growth such as plantations or cultivated fields. An. darlingi is definitely an endophilic species. A number of workers have verified that when a bait animal is used as a form of mosquito control outside houses, more specimens of darlingi are still found inside the houses than on the bait animal. (Faran and Linthicum 1981:36)

Medical Importance:
An. darlingi is a very efficient vector of malaria in northern and northeastern Brazil as well as in numerous other areas in South America. Wherever this species occurs along with malaria, daringi females are almost always found naturally infected. An. darlingi is highly endophagous and anthropophilic. In addition to malaria, this species has also been suspected of being a vector of human filariasis. It has transmitted Wuchereria bancrofti (Cobbold) in the laboratory and has been collected naturally infected with this parasite. (Faran and Linthicum 1981:9)