Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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dirus Peyton and Harrison

1979:41 (M, F*, P*, L*). Oo, Storch and Becker 2004: 24 (distr., Myanmar).
Type-loc: Ban Bu Phram, Prachin Buri, Thailand (USNM)

Additional References:
Teng, Chien, Wang, Ho and Yang 1974:463 (F*, P*, L*, E*, distr.).
Ahmed 1987:187 (distr.).
Darsie and Pradhan 1990:71 (distr.).
Sallum et al. 2005a:
Sallum, Peyton, Harrison and Wilkerson 2005: 29 (M, F*, P*, L*, distr.)
Rattanarithikul et al. 2006: 1-128 (F*,L*; bionomics, distribution, keys)
Sallum, Foster, Li et al. 2007:30 (phylogeny),
Sinka et al. 2011: 89 (Dirus Complex; bionomics review, distr., niche model)
Dev and Sharma 2013 (syst., bion.; Dirus Cmplx.)

Distribution:
Cambodia, China, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam

Bionomics:
Immatures abundant in rainy season and found in several small, shallow shady temporary ground pools, animal footprints, puddles on foot paths, pools in dry stream beds, springs, streams, ground pools, wheel ruts, rock pools, bamboo stumps, and depressions in hollow logs (Sallum et al. 2005b).

Medical Importance:
Primary vector of human Plasmodium parasites in forested and hilly-forested areas throughout its distribution range (Sallum et al. 2005b).