Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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ferox (von Humboldt)

1819:340 (A; Culex).
Type-loc: Borodon, Ecuador (NE)

Additional References:
Goeldi 1905: (E* as musica).
Mitchell 1907: (E* as syn. posticota Wiedemann, 1821)
Theobald 1907: (E* as sayi)
Howard, Dyar and Knab 1913: (E* as sayi).
Howard, Dyar and Knab 1917: (E as sayi).
Pawan 1922: (E* as syn. posticota Wiedemann, 1821)
Gerry 1932: [F*].
Senevet 1946:327 (L*).
Yamaguti and LaCasse 1951: [F*].
Horsfall, Miles, and Sokatch 1952:618 (E*).
Lane 1953:745 (M*, F, P*, L*).
Carpenter and LaCasse 1955:120 (M*, F* , L*).
Guedes, Souza, Maciel, and Xavier 1965:19 (M*, F*).
Ross and Horsfall 1965: (E*).
Forattini 1965a: (E*).
Beikin 1968b:26 (tax.).
Belkin, Heinemann, and Page 1970:126 (M*, F, P*, L*).
Horsfall, Voorhees, and Cupp 1970:1714 (E*).
Wallis and Whitman 1971 (bion.)
Linley and Chadee 1990: (E*).
Rossi and Marinez 2003: 472 (distr., Uruguay).
Reinert, Harbach and Kitching 2004: [F].
Reinert, Harbach and Kitching 2006: [F].
Liria and Navarro 2007 (morph.; cibarial arm.*)
Harrison et al. 2008 (tax.; key, US)
Reinert, Harbach and Kitching 2008: [F].
Reinert, Harbach and Kitching 2009: [F].
Berti et al. 2014: (distr, Venezuela).

Synonyms:

Distribution:
Argentina, Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Saint Lucia, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, United States; contiguous lower 48, Uruguay, Venezuela

Bionomics:
The larvae occur in temporary rain-filled pools, particularly in or near thickets, in overflow pools along streams, and occasionally in potholes in stream beds after summer rains. They develop rapidly. The females are persistent and painful biters, cloudy days. (Carpenter and LaCasse 1955:121)

Medical Importance:
Psorophora ferox frequently carries the eggs of Dermatobia in eastern Colombia. The senior author has also found this mosquito infested with Dermatobia eggs in Panama. (Carpenter and LaCasse 1955:122)