Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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nigripalpus Theobald

1901a:322 (M*, F*)
Type-loc: St. Lucia Island, [Lesser Antilles] (?NE)

Additional References:
Gerry 1932: [F*].
Dodge 1945:166 (L*)
Yamaguti and LaCasse 1951: [F*].
Lane 1953:348 (M*, F, P*, L*)
Carpenter & LaCasse 1955:282 (M*, F*, L*)
Bram 1967: 84 (M*, F, L)
Belkin 1968: 18 (type info.)
Belkin et al. 1970:70 (M*, F, P*, L*)
Darsie & Day 2003: 101 (P*; tax., key)
Darsie & Day 2004: 110 (L*; tax.)
Berti et al. 2014: (distr., Venezuela).
Mohammed et al. 2015: (distr.)

Synonyms:

Distribution:
Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Antilles; Lesser (see also St.Kitts and Nevis; St. Lucian; St.Vincent and the Grenadines), Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Brazil, Cayman Islands, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Martinique, Mexico, Montserrat, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, United States; contiguous lower 48, Venezuela, Virgin Islands

Bionomics:
The larvae are found in ditches, grassy pools, and marshes of a semipermanent or permanent nature. They are occasionally found in water in wheel ruts, leaf axils of plants, and artificial containers. The females are sometimes taken in the southern United States while biting but seem to be less inclined to bite man than is Cx. salinarius. It is generally regarded as an outdoor species, but where adults are numerous they have occasionally been taken inside house. (Carpenter and LaCasse 1955:284)

Medical Importance:
Cx. nigripalpus is considered a vector of Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE), SLE and WNV (Turell, Dohm, Sardelis et al. 2005:60)