Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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nili (Theobald)

1904b:66 (F*; Myzomyia).
Type-loc: Jebel Akmet-Aga on the White Nile, Sudan (BM)

Additional References:
Macfie and Ingram 1922: [F*].
Evans 1938:137 (M, F*, P*, L*, E*).
Hamon 1954a:583 (L*).
Peters 1956:531 (tax.).
Lewis 1956a:477 (L).
Gillies and de Meillon 1968:83 (M*, F*, P*, L*, E*).
Ribeiro and Da Cunha Ramos 1975:16 (distr.).
Sinka et al. 2010: 117 (Nili Complex; bionomics review, distr., niche model)
Antonio-Nkondjio and Simard 2013 (syst., bion.)

Synonyms:

Distribution:
Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar (includes Glorioso & Juan De NovaIs), Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan and South Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Bionomics:
Principally a stream breeder, larvae being found in vegetation or in dense shade along the edges of streams and large rivers. Symes (1931a) found that out of 163 collections of larvae of this species in Kenya, 139 were taken from streams. Variable in behaviour in both feeding and resting habits. In Liberia, Barber et al. (1932), Sierra Leone, Gordon et al. (1932)) Upper Volta, Hamon, Choumara et al. (1959), Dahomey, Hamon, Rickenbach and Robert (1956)) Nigeria, Service (1963a), Cameroun, Hamon and Mouchet (1961), Chad, Lacan (1958), and in parts of the Sudan, Lewis (1956a), it is an anthropophilic species biting man readily indoors and outdoors and frequently resting indoors by day. It has also been recorded as quite common in houses in the West Nile district of Uganda, Kafuko et al. (1962). (Gilies and deMeillon 1968:85)

Medical Importance:
An important vector in many parts of West Africa. Wherever man-biting occurs infected specimens are found. (Gilies and deMeillon 1968:85)