Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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nuneztovari Gabaldon

1940:5 (M*).
Type-loc: San Carlos, Cojedes, Venezuela (MDM)

Additional References:
Rozeboom and Gabaldon 1941:91 (M*).
Cova Garcia 1946, fig. 1 (E*), 36 (L*), 88 (F*), 124 (M*).
Floch and Abonnenc 1946c:3 (M, F, P, L).
Sutil Oramas 1976:33 (M*, F*, P*, L*, E*).
Faran 1980:112 (M*, F*, P*, L*).
Lounibos, Wilkerson, Conn, Hribar, Fritz and Danoff-Burg 1998:830(genetics, tax.).
Sinka et al. 2010: 72 (bionomics review, distr., niche model)
Conn et al. 2013 (bion., distr.; nuneztovari s.l.)
Berti et al. 2014:(distr., Venezuela).

Distribution:
Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela

Bionomics:
The immatures of nuneztovari are found in open marshy areas, ponds and lakes (often in the grassy margins), small to large, permanent or temporary ground pools, animal and wheel tracks, and along stream margins. They are found in fresh water exposed to the full sun or in partial shade. Aquatic vegetation may be abundant, and algae are often present. An. nuneztovari is collected in the interior or in clearings within the forest, and in areas of secondary growth (scrub), such as around villages. (Faran and Linthicum 1981:50)

Medical Importance:
An. nuneztovari is a primary vector of malaria in western Venezuela and northern Colombia, and is a probable vector in Suriname; in some areas where it occurs in Venezuela, spleen indices have been close to 100% (Gabaldon and Guerrero 1959). In Venezuela and Colombia the vector potential of nuneztovari has been reported to depend on the density of the nearby vegetation surrounding regions of habitation, which may be correlated with the vector’s greater life expectancy and density in the forest (Hamon, Mouchet et al. 1970). In the Amazon basin nuneztovari has not been reported as being important as a vector of malaria. (Faran and Linthicum 1981:9)