Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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perplexens Ludlow

1907:267 (F).
Type-loc: Camp Roosevelt, Mt. Gretna, Pennsylvania, United States (USNM)

Additional References:
Bellamy 1956:515 (M, F, P, L, E*; tax.; biol.; resurrected from syn. with punctipennis).
Kreutzer and Kitzmiller 1971a:409 (chromosomes*; tax.).
Kreutzer and Kitzmiller 1972:191 (chromosomes*).
Linley and Kaiser 1994:43 (E*).

Distribution:
United States; contiguous lower 48

Bionomics:
The larvae are found in clear cool limestone springs, spring runs and sinkholes.

Medical Importance:
None