Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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punctipennis (Say)

1823:9 (A; Culex).
Type-loc: Chestertown, Kent Co., Maryland, USA (NE)

Additional References:
Williston 1908: [F*].
Shannon and Davis 1930: [F*].
Aitken 1945:345 (A, P*, L, E*).
Freeborn, in Boyd 1949:390 (tax.; biology).
Darsie 1949:514 (P*).
Penn 1949a:59 (P*).
Breeland 1951:224 (L*).
Carpenter and LaCasse 1955:48 (M*, F*, L*).
Horsfall 1955:126 (review).
Belkin, Schick and Heinemann 1966:2 (restriction of type-loc).
Kreutzer and Kitzmiller 1971a:409 (tax.).
Kreutzer and Kitzmiller 1972:191 (chromosomes*).
Kreutzer 1977:265 (relationship to maculipennis group).
Linley and Kaiser 1994:43 (E*).
Beltrán-Aguilar et al. 2011: 690 (M*, F*, P*, L*; tax., keys, distr.)

Synonyms:

Distribution:
Canada, Dominican Republic, Mexico, Panama, United States; contiguous lower 48, Venezuela

Bionomics:
The larvae are found in a large variety of aquatic habitats, including ponds, temporary pools, springs, pools in intermittent streams, borrow pits, roadside puddles, wheel ruts in muddy roads, hog wallows, eddies along the margins of flowing streams, and in rain-water barrels and other artificial containers. The species seems to prefer cool, clear water, particularly in hill streams. The females feed mostly after dusk but will attack man during the daytime in dense woodlands or in their daylight resting places. This mosquito is generally regarded as an outdoor species and seldom enters dwellings in large numbers to feed. (Carpenter and LaCasse 1955:05)

Medical Importance:
Reported as an important vector of human malaria by Mullen & Durden (2002).