Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

  Culicidae » Culicinae » Culicini » Culex » Culex »

salinarius Coquillett

1904b:73 (M, F, L)
Type-loc: [Elizabeth], New Jersey, United States (USNM)

Additional References:
Ross 1947:49 (M*, F, L*)
Darsie 1951:34 (P*)
Yamaguti and LaCasse 1951: [F*].
Carpenter & LaCasse 1955:290 (M*, F*, L*)
Stone & Knight 1957: 56 (lectotype desig.)
Bram 1967: 95 (M*, F, L)

Bermuda, Canada, Canada, Mexico, United States; contiguous lower 48

The larvae are found either in fresh or foul water in grassy pools, ditches, ponds, occasionally in rain barrels, bilge water in boats, cattle tracks, and sometimes in stump holes. The adults are frequently found resting during the daytime in outbuildings and other similar shelters. The males and females are often captured in large numbers in New Jersey light traps in the Atlantic and Gulf coastal regions. The females bite readily outdoors and occasionally enter dwellings to feed on man. Carpenter and LaCassse 1955: 299)

Medical Importance:
Cx. salinarius is considered a vector of eastern equine encephalitis (EEE), SLE and West Nile Virus (WNV) (Turell et al. 2005:60)