Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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spissipes (Theobald)

1903a:242 (F*; Melanoconion)
Type-loc: Trinidad (BM)

Additional References:
Bourroul 1904: 70 (Brazil)
Howard et al. 1915: 312 (M; tax.)
Bonne & Bonne-Wepster 1925: 268 (in part ; Suriname; misidentification of M, see Takahashi 1968)
Dyar 1925c: 169 (Panama)
Dyar 1925d: 214 (Venezuela)
Martini 1935: 60 (Mexico, Belize)
Foote 1954: 94 (tax.)
Barreto-Reyes 1955: 60 (Colombia)
Prosen et al. 1962 (1963): 110 (Lane cited for Bolivian record)
Takahashi 1968;329 (M*, F*; tax.)
Stone 1970: 164 (Honduras)
Heinemann & Belkin 1979: 108 (Ecuador)
Darsie & Hobbs 1982: 73 (Guatemala)
Sirivanakarn 1983: 278 (M*, F*)
Sallum & Forattini 1996: 522 (M*, F*)
Pecor et al. 2000: 213 (Peru)
Berti et al. 2014:(distr., Venezuela).

Synonyms:
  • syn. alvarezi Sutil Oramas, Pulido Florenzano and Amarista Meneses
  • syn. fur (Dyar and Knab)
  • syn. haynei Komp and Curry
  • syn. menytes Dyar

Distribution:
Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela

Bionomics:
Immatures have been found in fresh water and heavily shaded margins of permanent bodies of water (lakes, swamps) and ground pools. Adult females have been collected in shannon traps, on human bait in forest areas and at margins of lakes as well as CDC traps supplemented with dry ice or baited with rodent or chicken (Sallum and Forattini 1996).

Medical Importance:
Primary malaria vector (Christophers 1933).