Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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theileri Theobald

1903a:187 (M*, F*).
Type-loc: Pretoria, Transvaal [South Africa] (BM)

Additional References:
Kirkpatrick 1925:115 (M*, F, P*, L*- as tipuliformis ).
Edwards 1941:305 (M, F*), 419 (P).
Senevet 1949:57 (M*).
Hopkins 1952:289 (L*).
Noeldner 1953:10 (M*, L*).
Rioux 1958:251 (M*, F*, L*).
Aslamkhan 1971b:147 (distr.).
Minar 1976:336 (distr.).
Sirivanakarn 1976:46 (M*, F*, P, L*; distr.).
McIntosh et al. 1980: 127-132 (Rift Valley virus incrimination)
Rjazantzeva 1985: [F].
Ahmed 1987:187 (distr.).
Harbach 1988:61 ((M*, F, P*, L*; distr.).
Jupp 1996 (M*, F*; key)
Eritja et al. 2000: 12 (distr., Spain).
Ribeiro et al. 2002: 34 (distr., Portugal).
Trari et al. 2002: 331 (distr., Morocco).
Namazov 2014: 280 (distr., Azerbaijan)

Synonyms:

Distribution:
Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Bulgaria, China, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Georgia, Greece, Hungary, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel (and Gaza Strip & West Bank), Italy, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Macedonia, Madagascar (includes Glorioso & Juan De NovaIs), Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Myanmar (Burma), Namibia, Nepal, Nigeria, Pakistan, Portugal, Romania, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, South Africa, Spain, Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine, Yemen, Zimbabwe

Bionomics:
Larvae are found in permanent and temporary bodies of fresh, brackish, salt and foul water. They are commonly found in stagnant and slow-moving streams, irrigation ditches, mangrove and Nipa palm swamps, marshy pools, ground pools, cement tanks, abandoned wells, open cisterns. Artifical containers such as canoes, boats, jars and cans are utilized. Breeding sites are sunlit or shaded (Sirivanakarn 1976). Females are mainly pig- and bird-feeders but will enter houses to bite man (Harbach 1988).

Medical Importance:
Cx. theileri is the principal epidemic vector of Rift Valley fever virus (Bunyaviridae: Phlebovirus) on the inland plateau of southern Africa. (McIntosh 1980)