Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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triseriatus (Say)

1823:12 (F; as Culex).
Type-loc: Pennsylvania, United States (NE)

Additional References:
Mitchell 1907: (E*).
Howard, Dyar and Knab 1913: (E*).
Howard, Dyar and Knab 1917: (E).
Ross 1947:65 (M*, F*, L*).
Darsie 1951:14 (P*).
Yamaguti and LaCasse 1951: [F*].
Rempel 1953:483 (M*, F*).
Carpenter and LaCasse 1955:255 (M*, F*, L*).
Craig 1956: (E*).
Horsfall and Craig 1956:370 (E*).
Price 1960:558 (lst instar L*).
Ross and Horsfall 1965: (E*).
Mohrig 1967: [F*].
Kalpage and Brust 1968: (E*).
Harmston 1969:49 (F*).
Pratt and Kidwell 1969: (E*).
Horsfall, Voorhees, and Cupp 1970:1710 (E*).
Zavortink 1972:27 (M*, F*, P*, L*; n. distr.).
Grimstad, Garry and DeFoliart 1974:795 (tax.).
Saul, Sinsko, Grimstad and Craig 1977:705 (gel electrophoresis ident.).
Zaim, Lewandowski, Newson and Hooper 1977:4B9 (E*).
Lunt 1977b:654 (ident.).
Hinton 1981: (E*).
Linley 1989 (E*)
Linley and Craig 1993:65 (E*).
Reinert 2002: [F*].
Reinert 2002 (F*)
Juliano and Lounibos 2005 (bion. rev.)
Sanchez-Trinidad et al. 2014 (bion., distr.; Mexico)

Synonyms:

Distribution:
Canada, Cuba, Greenland, United States; contiguous lower 48

Bionomics:
Larvae are found primarily in treeholes and occasionally in artifical containers and rockholes.

Medical Importance:
This species is a proven vector of the LaCrosse strain of California encephalitis. Under laboratory conditions an efficient vector of yellow fever, eastern equine, venezuelan and Western equine encephalomyelitis. It is also a potential vector of Dog Heartworm (Dirofilaria immitis).