Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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albimanus Wiedemann

1820: 10 (F)
Type-loc: Ins. St. Domingo [Dominican Republic] (NMW)

Additional References:
Gerry 1932: [F*].
Rozeboom 1938: 99 (E*)
Rozeboom and Gabaldon 1941: 95 (tax.)
Ross and Roberts 1943a: 35 (M* F*,L*)
Vargas 1948: 153 (M*)
Penn 1949a: 68 (P*)
Belkin 1952: 122 (L*)
Carpenter and LaCasse 1955: 55 (M*,F*,L*)
Belkin, Heinemann and Page 1970: 24 (M*,F*,P* L*)
Bejarano 2003: 517 (distr., Colombia)
Sinka et al. 2010: 72 (bionomics review, distr., niche model)
Beltrán-Aguilar et al. 2011: 718 (M*, F*, P*, L*; tax., keys, distr.)
Conn et al. 2013 (bion., vec. status)
Mohammed et al. 2015: (distr.)

Synonyms:

Distribution:
Antigua and Barbuda, Antilles; Lesser (see also St.Kitts and Nevis; St. Lucian; St.Vincent and the Grenadines), Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Brazil, Cayman Islands, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Montserrat, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Suriname, United States; contiguous lower 48, Uruguay, Venezuela, Virgin Islands

Bionomics:
The larvae are found in a wide variety of permanent water habitats. They are salt tolerant. Habitats are usually in full sunlight or partial shade containing abundant floating, emergent vegetation and floating scum and algae. Habitats frequently have muddy bottoms and turbid or polluted water.

Medical Importance:
In 17 of 20 Caribbean region countries, An. albimanus is the principal malaria vector.