Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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antennatus (Becker)

1903:68 (M; Anopheles).
Type-loc: Cairo, Egypt (ZM)

Additional References:
Hopkins 1936:224 (L: n. comb.).
Edwards 1941:333 (M*, F*), 425 (P).
Lariviere and Abonnenc 1956 (M*, L*, E*; bion., morph.)
Lofti 1970:400 (n.distr.).
Margalit and Tahori 1974:86 (distr.).
Gad et al. 1987 (bion., distr.; Egypt)
Harbach 1988: 48 (M*, F, P*, L*; tax., keys, bion., distr., lit. rev.)
Jupp 1996 (M*, F*; key)
Amr et al. 1997:375 (distr.).
Alten, Caglar and Ozer 2000: 28 (distr.).

Synonyms:

Distribution:
Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cote d'Ivoire, Egypt, Ethiopia, Iran, Iraq, Israel (and Gaza Strip & West Bank), Jordan, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar (includes Glorioso & Juan De NovaIs), Madagascar (includes Glorioso & Juan De NovaIs), Mali, Mauritania, Nigeria, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sudan and South Sudan, Turkey, Uganda

Bionomics:
Larvae are commonly found in stagnant fresh ground water habitats that include rice fields, stream pools, springs, ponds, swamps, ditches, seepages and animal footprints. Females are evening biters, feeding primarily on cattle, but entering houses to bite man (Harbach 1988).

Medical Importance:
Vector of West Nile virus and Rift Valley Fever (Harbach 1988).