Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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atroparvus van Thiel

1927: 389 (A; maculipennis var.)
Type-loc: Bolsward, Friesland, Holland (NE)

Additional References:
Hackett and Missiroli 1935: 12, 23 (M*,L*,E*: biol., distr.)
Bates 1940: 351 (to ssp. status)
La Face, in Boyd 1949: 439 (E*)
Rioux 1958: 108 (E*; tax.)
Sicart and Ruffie 1960: 635 (P)
Kitzmiller, Frizzi and Baker 1967: 158 (chromosomes*)
Bianchi 1968: 221 (to sp. status)
Fraccaro, Laudani, Marchi and Tiepolo 1976: 27 (chromosomes)
White 1978 (tax., rev., keys, distr.)
Ramsdale and Snow 2000: 2
Linton et al. 2003 (tax., DNA id., rev. of complex; M*, F, P*, L*, E (maculipennis s.s.))
Sinka et al. 2010: 117 (bionomics review, distr., niche model)

Synonyms:

Distribution:
Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, China, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom (includes Guernsey; Jersey; Isle of Man), Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro)

Bionomics:
The larvae are found in brackish water along the coast from the southern Baltic to Spain and in inland salt springs and waters with high mineral content (Bates in Boyd 1949 and Hackett and Missirolli 1935).

Medical Importance:
Primary malaria vector in the Netherlands, Spain and Portugal (Bates in Boyd 1949).