Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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crucians Wiedemann

1828: 12 (A)
Type-loc: New Orleans, Louisiana, USA (NMW)

Additional References:
Davis 1926: [F*].
Freeborn, in Boyd 1949: 388 (review)
Darsie 1949: 525 (P*)
Penn 1949a: 63 (P*)
Bellamy and Repass 1950: 84 (E*)
Breeland 1951: 224 (L*)
Carpenter and LaCasse 1955: 35 (M*,F*,L*)
Horsfall 1955: 75 (review)
Belkin 1968b: 9 (lectotype desig.)
Belkin, Heinemann and Page 1970: 17 (M*,F*,P*,L*)
Kreutzer and Kitzmiller 1971b: 195 (chromosomes*; tax.)
Vargas, M. 1975: 77 (distr.)
Floore, Harrison and Eldridge 1976: 15 (M*,F*,P*,L*; tax.)
Beltrán-Aguilar et al. 2011: 647 (M*, F*, P*, L*; tax., keys, distr.)

Distribution:
Bahamas, Belize, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Puerto Rico, United States; contiguous lower 48

Bionomics:
The larvae are found in semipermanent and permanent pools, pond, lakes and swamps. Acidic water with emergent and floating vegetation is preferred. Females are outdoor night biters but will bite during the cloudy day and in the shade. Both sexes are attracted to lights.

Medical Importance:
This species has been found to be naturally infected with malaria. Infection rates of 3.28% have been observed. This species may serve as an important malaria vector.