Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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culicifacies Giles

1901b:197 (M, F).
Type-loc: Hoshangabad, [Central Provinces], India (BM)

Additional References:
Christophers 1933:197 (M*, F*, P, L*, E; tax.).
Ross and Roberts 1943b:13 (M*, F*, L*).
Horsfall 1955:199 (review).
Viswanathan, Rao and Halgeri 1955:371 (biol.).
Harrison 1980: 55 (M*,F*,P*,L*; lectotype design.).
Ahmed 1987:187 (distr.).
Das 1990: [F*] (as species A & B).
Rattanarithikul et al. 2006: 1-128 (F*,L*; bionomics, distribution, keys)
Sinka et al. 2011: 89 (Culicifacies Complex; bionomics review, distr., niche model)
Dev and Sharma 2013 (syst., bion.; Culicifacies Cmplx.)

Synonyms:

Distribution:
Afghanistan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Eritrea, Ethiopia, India, Iran, Iraq, Laos, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, Oman, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam, Yemen

Bionomics:
Larvae are found in fresh water irrigation ditches, rain pools, pools in riverbeds, freshly dug pits or holes and wells. Females avoid oviposition site with emergent vegetation. Larvae found between 35 and 960m. in Thailand; in Vietnam only over 914 and in Pakistan usually between 1524 - 1829 but also up to 2286m (Harrison 1980).

Medical Importance:
Primary malaria vector (Harrison 1980).