Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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franciscanus McCracken

1904: 12 (M,F*,L*; as sp.)
Type-loc: Felt Lake, near Stanford University, [Santa Clara Co.], California, United States (CAS)

Additional References:
Howard, Dyar and Knab 1917: 1023 (syn. with pseudopunctipennis)
Aitken 1945: 327 (M,F*,P,E*; resurrected to ssp. from syn. with pseudopunctipennis; lectotype desig.; biol.)
Freeborn, in Boyd 1949: 391 (tax.; biol.)
Penn 1949a: 66 (P*)
Belkin, Ehmann and Heid 1951: 23 (biol.)
Carpenter and LaCasse 1955: 45 (M*,F,L*)
Smithson 1972: 501 (to sp. status)
Smithson and McClelland 1972: 80 (chromosomes*; ssp.)
Arnaud 1979: 57 (type info.)

Synonyms:

Distribution:
Mexico, United States; contiguous lower 48

Bionomics:
The larvae are found in shallow pools of receding streams in association with green algae. Females are crepuscular biters rarely entering building to take a blood meal, and prefer to bite large mammals and sheep.

Medical Importance:
This species has been infected with P. vivax under laboratory conditions but because of its host preference is not considered an important vector of malaria.