Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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mcintoshi Huang

Huang 1985: 109 (M*, F*)
Type-loc: Onderstepoort, Transvaal, South Africa (USNM)

Additional References:
Zavortink 1987:2 (distr.).
Linley and Turell 1994:1 (E*).
Jupp 1996 (M*, F*; key)

Distribution:
Angola, Australia, Botswana, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Ethiopia, Gambia, Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, Sudan and South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Bionomics:
Immature stages of Ae. mcintoshi have been collected in a stream pool and in a large ground pool in Onderstepoort, Transvaal, South Africa, and in a pond in Durban Coast, Natal, South Africa. In Kenya, pupae were collected in a ground pool and in a medium-sized flooded pool in Ruiru, Kitambu. The female specimen of Ae. mcintoshi from Nairobi Arboretum Forest Reserve, Nairobi Area, Kenya, was taken landing-biting on man. McIntosh (1971:325) reported that in South Africa, Ae. mcintoshi (as lineatopennis) readily bites man and larger domestic animals (Huang 1985).

Medical Importance:
McIntosh (1971:325) stated that 2 strains of Rift Valley Fever (RVF) virus, 17 of Wesselsbron (WSL) and 2 of Middelburg (MID) were isolated from Ae. mcintoshi (as lineatopennis) from collections made in May, 1969, during an extensive epizootic outbreak of Rift Valley Fever virus in cattle in Rhodesia, and that this species was the main vector. Aedes mcintoshi (as lineatopennis) has also been incriminated as a vector of Rift Valley Fever by McIntosh (1972) in Zimbabwe, by Davies and Highton (1980) in Kenya, and by McIntosh et al. (1980) in South Africa (Huang 1985).