Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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pharoensis Theobald

1901a:169 (M, F*).
Type-loc: Cairo, Egypt (BM)

Additional References:
Macfie and Ingram 1922: [F*].
Davis 1926: [F*].
Evans 1938:370 (M, F*, P*, L*, E*).
de Meillon 1947b:233 (M, F*, L*, E*).
Senevet and Andarelli 1955a:188 (M*, F*, P*, L, E).
Gillies and de Meillon 1968:253 (M, F*, L*).

Synonyms:

Distribution:
Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Cote d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Israel (and Gaza Strip & West Bank), Kenya, Madagascar (includes Glorioso & Juan De NovaIs), Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan and South Sudan, Syria, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Bionomics:
Primarily a species of large vegetated swamps; also found along lake shores and among floating plants, such as Pistia and Potamogeton. Also found in reservoirs, rice fields, streams, ditches, overgrown wells. Females will enter houses and bite man, but prefer domestic animals. They feed from dusk to dawn with a peak at about 0100 (Gillies and deMeillon 1968).

Medical Importance:
A known vector of malaria in Egypt, in tropical Africa, at best it is a feeble vector of malaria (Gillies and deMeillon 1968).