Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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quadrimaculatus Say

1824: In Keating 356 (F)
Type-loc: Wabasha, Minnesota, United States (NE)

Additional References:
Howard, Dyar and Knab 1912(1913):Fig. 695 (E*).
Aitken 1945:280 (tax.).
Ross 1947: [F*].
Freeborn, in Boyd 1949:380 (tax.; biology).
Penn 1949a:56 (P*).
Breeland 1951:224 (L*).
Carpenter and LaCasse 1955:50 (M*, F*, L*).
Belkin, Schick and Heinemann 1966:3 (restriction of type-loc.).
Linley, Kaiser and Cockburn 1993:124 (E*).
Reinert, Kaiser and Seawright 1997:22 (M*, F*, P*, L*, E*).
Levine et al. 2004 (mol. id., distr., niche model)
Sinka et al. 2010: 72 (Quadrimaculatus Subgroup; bionomics review, distr., niche model)
Beltrán-Aguilar et al. 2011: 695 (M*, F*, P*, L*; tax., keys, distr.)

Synonyms:

Distribution:
Belize, Canada, Dominican Republic, Mexico, Puerto Rico, United States; contiguous lower 48

Bionomics:
The larvae are found in permanent fresh water in sluggish streams, canals, ponds, and lakes containing surface-growing or emergent vegetation or floating debris, and only occasionally in pools of a temporary nature. The females of A. quadrimaculatus are active feeders on man and on wild and domesticated animals. The adults are active principally at night. Quadrimaculatus s.l. is a complex of five species (see Reinert, Kaiser and Seawright 1997) (Carpenter and LaCasse 1955:52)

Medical Importance:
[Not yet available]