Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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quinquefasciatus Say

1823:10 (A; as sp.).
Type-loc: Mississippi River, United States (NE)

Additional References:
Giles 1902: [F*]. (as fatigans Wiedemann).
Macfie and Ingram 1922: [F*] (as fatigans).
Gerry 1932: [F*].

Christophers 1951: [F*].
Darsie 1951:35 (P*).
Yamaguti and LaCasse 1951: [F*].
Carpenter and LaCasse 1955:286 (M*, F*, L*).
Iyengar and Menon 1955:1 (distr.).
Mattingly and Brown 1955:86 (syst.).
Bohart 1956(1957):77 (M*, F, L*).
Bohart and Washino 1957:463 (L*).
Stone 1956(1957):342 (syst.).
Barr 1957a:153 (syst.).
Hara 1957:55 (F*).
Belkin 1962a:195 (M*, F, P*, L*; tax.).
Belkin 1962b:8 (distr.).
Belkin, Schick, and Heinemann 1966:4 (restriction of type-loc.).
Belkin 1968a:68 (M, F, P, L; tax.; distr.).
Belkin, Heinemann, and Page 1970:73 (M*, F, P*, L*; as species).
Lambrecht and Van Someren 1971:483 (distr.).
White 1971:6 (distr.).
Barr 1976:347 (genetics).
White 1975:319 (tax.).
Sirivanakarn 1976:30 (M*, F*, P*, L*; as valid species; distr.).
Iglisch 1977:271 (M*).
Rodhain et al. 1977:279 (distr.).
Belkin 1977a:45 (nomenclatural review).
Brunhes 1977a:134 (distr.).
Sirivanakarn & White 1978: 362 (M*, F*, P*, L*; neotype desig.)
Taylor and Maffi 1978:182 (distr.).
Harbach, Dahl and White 1985: [F*].
Ahmed 1987:187 (distr.).
Zaim 1987:568 (distr.).
Harbach 1988: 31 (M*, F, P*, L*; tax., complete syn., keys, bion., distr.)
Lee et al. 1989a:201 (distr.).
Darsie and Pradhan 1990:71 (distr.).
Suleman et al. 1993:321 (distr.).
Abdullah and Merdan 1995:815 (distr.).
Jupp 1996 (M*, F*; key)
Roberts 1996:525 (distr.).
Whelan & Hapgood 2000: 405-416 (distr. East Timor, bion.)
Pena et al. 2003: 211 (distr., Dominican Republic).
Ree 2003: 40 (distr., remove Korea).
Rossi and Martinez 2003: 472 (distr., Uruguay).
Toto et al. 2003: 344 (distr., Equatorial Guinea).
Derraik 2004: 434 (distr., New Zealand).
Tanaka 2004a: 17 (P*; tax.; key).
Rattanarithikul et al. 2005: 1-97 (F*, L*; bionomics, distribution, keys)
Suman et al. 2008: 173-176 (E*)
Berti et al. 2014: (distr., Venezuela).

Synonyms:

Distribution:
Afghanistan, Angola, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, British Indian Ocean Territory, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Cook Islands (Polynesia), Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, France, France, French Guiana, French Polynesia, Gabon, Gambia, Greece, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guam, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jamaica, Japan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Liberia, Madagascar (includes Glorioso & Juan De NovaIs), Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mariana Islands, Marshall Islands, Martinique, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia (Wake Island), Montserrat, Mozambique, Myanmar (Burma), Nauru, Nauru, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea (Island); Papua New Guinea, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Reunion, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa (Ind. State of Samoa; American Samoa; Western Samoa), Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan and South Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Turkey, Tuvalu, Uganda, United States; contiguous lower 48, United States; Hawaii, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Virgin Islands, Yemen, Zambia

Bionomics:
Larvae can be found in bodies of water containing a high degree of organic pollution and close to human habitation. Females readily enter houses at night and bite man in preference to other mammals (Sirivanakarn 1976).

Medical Importance:
This species is a vector of avian malaria, a primary vector of Wuchereria bancrofti. Western equine encephalomyelitis and St. Louis encephalitis have been isolated from this species and it has been implicated as a vector of dog heartworm (Carpenter and LaCasse 1955, Sirivanakarn 1976).