Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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sinensis Wiedemann

1828:547 (M, F).
Type-loc: [Canton], China (ZMC)

Additional References:
LaCasse and Yamaguti 1950 [F*].
Reid 1953:10 (M*, F*, P*, L*, E*), 51 (tax.).
Ohmori 1957:209 (M*, E*).
Hara 1957:47 (F*).
Hara 1959: [F*].
Ohmori 1959:221 (P*).
Lee, Self, Hong and Lee 1973:383 (distr.).
Harrison 1973b:7 (lectotype desig; distr.).
Harrison and Scanlon 1975:45 (M*, F*, P*, L*, distr.).
Kanda and Oguma 1976:325 (A*; tax.).
Otsuru, Nagashima, Nakamura and Kishimoto 1976: 301 (E).
Kanda and Oguma 1977:115 (hybridization with sineroides).
Darsie and Pradhan 1990:71 (distr.).
Linley, Yap and Damar 1995:44 (E*).
Whelan & Hapgood 2000: 405-416 (distr. East Timor, bion.)
Gornostaeva 2000b 34(5): 477 (distr., Russia).
Oo, Storch and Becker 2004: 24 (distr., Myanmar).
Rattanarithikul et al. 2006: 1-128 (F*,L*; bionomics, distribution, keys)
Sinka et al. 2011: 89 (bionomics review, distr., niche model)
Saeung et al. 2014: 973-981 (E*)

Synonyms:

Distribution:
Cambodia, China, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea; South, Macau, Malaysia, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, Russia, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Timor, Vietnam

Bionomics:
Larvae are found in shallow habitats, fresh water usually with emergent vegetation and exposed to direct sunlight. They are characteristic of open agricultural lands (chiefly rice fields). They have also been collected in ground pools, pools beside a river, marshes, stream margins, ditches, seepages, shallow ponds, and sumps. In mountainous areas they are confined to the valleys. Females are zoophilic but rarely bite humans. Females are exophilic and are rarely taken in indoor resting collections (Harrison and Scanlon 1975).

Medical Importance:
Vector of Brugia malayi and secondary vector of malaria in China (Harrison and Scanlon 1975).