Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

  Culicidae » Culicinae » Culicini » Culex » Culex »
 

sitiens Wiedemann

1828:542 (F).
Type-loc: Sumatra (ZMC)

Additional References:
Edwards 1941:296 (M*, F),417 (P).
Williams 1943:215 (F*, L*).
Penn 1949b:80 (P*).
Yamaguti and LaCasse 1950:30 (M*, F*, L*).
Iyengar and Menon 1955:7 (M*, L*).
Mattingly and Knight 1956:104 (F, L; tax.).
Worth and de Meillon 1960:247 (distr.).
Delfinado 1966a:151 (M*, F, L*; syn.).
Lofti 1970:401 (n. distr.).
Aslankhan 1971b:147 (distr.).
Maffi and Taylor 1974:207 (distr.).
Rickenbach, Eouzan, Ferrara and Bailly-Choumara 1976:96 (distr.).
Sirivanakarn 1976:95 (M*, F*, P*, L*; distr.).
Brunhes 1977a:134 (distr.).
Harbach 1988: 87 (M*, F, P*, L*; tax., complete syn., keys, bion., distr.)
Lee et al. 1989a:237 (distr.).
Jupp 1996 (M*, F*; key)

Trari et al. 2002: 331 (distr.; Morocco, as mauritanicus).
Tanaka 2004a: 28 (P*; tax.; key).
Rattanarithikul et al. 2005: 1-97 (F*, L*; bionomics, distribution, keys)

Synonyms:

Distribution:
Australia, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Cameroon, China, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Ethiopia, Fiji, Fiji, French Polynesia, Guam, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Iran, Japan, Kenya, Korea; South, Madagascar (includes Glorioso & Juan De NovaIs), Malaysia, Maldives, Mariana Islands, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar (Burma), Nauru, New Caledonia, New Guinea (Island); Papua New Guinea, Nigeria, Oman, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Philippines, Polynesian Islands; Howland; Jarvis; Johnston Atol; Pitcairn; Wallis & Futuna, Samoa (Ind. State of Samoa; American Samoa; Western Samoa), Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Sudan and South Sudan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor, Tonga, Tuvalu, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Yemen

Bionomics:
Larvae are found in brackish, salt and fresh groundwater habitats and some artifical containers in coastal areas. Females feed primarily on birds and pigs, but will bite man (Harbach 1988).

Medical Importance:
Possible vector of Japanese B encephalitis. It has been found naturally infected with Brugia malayi in Thailand (Harbach 1988).