Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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stephensi Liston

1901:441 (F*).
Type-loc: Ellichpur, [Amaroati Dist., Central Prov.], India (BM)

Additional References:
Senevet 1930:325 (P*).
Christophers and Barraud 1931:179 (E*).
Christophers 1933:273 (M*, F*, L*).
Rao, Sweet and Subba Rao 1938:261 (E*).
Pringle 1952:779 (L*; tax.).
Aslamkhan 1971:147 (distr.).
Aslamkhan, Aaqil and Hafeez 1972:29 (natural variation).
Darsie and Pradhan 1990:71 (distr.).
Townsend 1990:136 (type info.).
Oo, Storch and Becker 2004: 24 (distr., Myanmar).
Rattanarithikul et al. 2006: 1-128 (F*,L*; bionomics, distribution, keys)
Sinka et al. 2011: 89 (bionomics review, distr., niche model)
Dev and Sharma 2013 (syst., bion.; stephensi and variants)

Synonyms:

Distribution:
Afghanistan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, China, Djibouti, Egypt, India, Iran, Iraq, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Thailand, Vietnam

Bionomics:
In urban areas the larvae are found in a wide variety of artifical containers, cisterns, wells, tubs and fountains. In the wild they are found in stream pools, stream margins, seepages, irrigation channels and springs. Females avidly bite man (Puri in Boyd 1949).

Medical Importance:
Primary malaria vector (Christophers 1933).