Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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superpictus Grassi

1899:560 (A).
Type-loc: Italy (LU)

Additional References:
Theodor 1925:381 (E*).
Senevet 1930:319 (P*).
Christophers 1933:264 (M*, F*, P, L*, E).
Beklemischev, in Boyd 1949:433 (biology).
Monchadskii 1951:96 (L*).
Gutsevich, Monchadsky and Stackelberg 1974:114 (M*, F*, L*).
Amr et al. 1997:375 (distr.).
Hadjivassilis 2000 7: 38 (distr., Cyprus).
Ramsdale and Snow 2000:10 (distr.).
Sinka et al. 2010: 117 (bionomics review, distr., niche model)

Synonyms:

Distribution:
Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Egypt, France, Georgia, Greece, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel (and Gaza Strip & West Bank), Italy, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Libya, Macedonia, Pakistan, Russia, Spain, Syria, Tajikistan, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro)

Bionomics:
Larvae are found in flowing water, including streams, rivers and irrigation channels in hilly and mountainous areas. Adults readily enter houses to bite man (Barraud 1933).

Medical Importance:
Primary malaria vector (Beklemischev in Boyd 1949).