Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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togoi (Theobald)

1907:379 (F; as Culicelsa).
Type-loc: Osaka, [Honshu], Japan (BM)

Additional References:
Ho 1931:123 (M*, F).
LaCasse and Yamaguti 1950: [F*].
Asanuma and Nakagawa 1953:89 (P*).
Omori and Fujii 1953:23 (biol.).
Hara 1957:61 (F*).
Hara 1957: [F*].
Bullock 1960:167 (E*).
Mohrig 1967: [F*].
Hinton and Service 1969: (E*).
Gutsevich, Monchadskii, and Stackelberg 1970:288 (n. distr.).
Matsuo, Yoshida, and Kunou 1972:360 (E*).
Moriya, Yabe and Harada 1972: (E*).
Sollers-Riedel 1971:2 (distr.).
Moriya, Yabe and Harada 1973: (E*).
Gutsevich, Monchadskii, and Stackelberg 1974:310 (M*, F, L*).
Matsuo, Yoshida and Lien 1974:187 (E*).
Belton 1980: 625 (distr., United States).
Hinton 1981: (E*).
Linley and Chan 1991: (E*).
Gornostaeva 2000b 34(5): 479 (distr., Russia).
Tanaka 2002b: 144 (P*; tax.; key).
Reinert 2008: [F*].
Rattanarithikul et al. 2010: 1-152 (F*,L*; bionomics, distribution, keys)

Distribution:
Cambodia, Canada, Canada, China, Japan, Korea; South, Malaysia, Russia, Taiwan, Thailand, United States; contiguous lower 48, Vietnam

Bionomics:
Larvae are common in coastal regions. Larvae usually occur in tidal pools or rock pools of salt and brackish water, also occasionally in containers with fresh water. Females readily bite man throughout the day (Tanaka, Mizusawa and Saugstad 1979).

Medical Importance:
Possible vector of Brugia malayi, Wuchereria bancrofti, Dirofilaria immitis and Japanese encephalitis (Tanaka, Mizusawa and Saugstad 1979).