Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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tritaeniorhynchus Giles

1901a:606 (A).
Type-loc: Travancore, India (BM)

Additional References:
Macfie and Ingram 1922: [F*].
Kirkpatrick1925:111 (M*, F, P*, L*).
LaCasse and Yamaguti 1950: [F*].
Ovazza, Hamon, and Neri 1956:169 (L*).
Colless 1957a:100 (tax.).
Hara 1957: [F*].
Joshi, Pradhan and Darsie 1965:138 (distr.).
Reuben 1969:650 (M*, F*, L*).
Aslamkhan 1971b:147 (distr.).
Matsuo and Iwaki 1972:349 (tax.).
Gutsevich, Monchadsky and Stackelberg 1974:382 (M*, F*, L*).
Sirivanakarn 1975a:73 ( M*, F*, P*, L*).
Sirivanakarn 1976:129 (M*, F*, P*, L*; distr.).
Rodhain et al. 1977:279 (distr.).
Tsukamoto et al. 1985:154 (distr.).
Ahmed 1987:187 (distr.).
Harbach 1988: 106 (M*, F, P*, L*; tax., keys, bion., distr.)
Darsie and Pradhan 1990:71 (distr.).
Suleman, Khan and Khan 1993:321 (distr.).
Jupp 1996 (M*, F*; key)
Amr et al. 1997:375 (distr.).
Whelan & Hapgood 2000: 405-416 (distr. East Timor, bion.)
Samanidou and Harbach 2003: 15 (distr., Greece).
Tanaka 2004a: 23 (P*; tax.; key).
Rattanarithikul et al. 2005: 1-97 (F*, L*; bionomics, distribution, keys)
Rueda et al. 2008: 398 (distr.)
Suman et al. 2008: 173-176 (E*)
Namazov 2014: 280 (distr., Azerbaijan)

Synonyms:

Distribution:
Afghanistan, Angola, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, China, Djibouti, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Greece, Guam, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel (and Gaza Strip & West Bank), Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Korea; South, Laos, Lebanon, Liberia, Madagascar (includes Glorioso & Juan De NovaIs), Malaysia, Maldives, Mariana Islands, Mauritius, Mauritius, Micronesia (Wake Island), Mozambique, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, New Guinea (Island); Papua New Guinea, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Reunion, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Singapore, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Syria, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor, Togo, Turkey, Turkmenistan, United States; contiguous lower 48, Vietnam, Yemen

Bionomics:
Larvae are found in many temporary, semi-permanent and permanent ground water habitats that are sunlit and contain vegetation. Habitats include, but are not limited to, ground pools, streams, swamps, and low-salinity tidal marshes. (Bram 1967). Females are primarily cattle- and pig-biters, but will feed on man in their absence (Bram 1967).

Medical Importance:
Primary vector of Japanese B encephalitis in the oriental region (Bram 1967).