Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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univittatus Theobald

1901c:29 (M*, F*).
Type-loc: Salisbury, Rhodesia (BM)

Additional References:
Edwards 1941:306 (M*, F*), 419 (P).
Hopkins 1952:291 (L*). Mattingly and Knight 1956:104 (tax.).
Senevet, Andarelli, and Lieutaud 1957:52 (M*, tax.).
Jupp 1970:9 (M*, tax.).
Aslamkhan 1971b:147 (distr.).Jupp 1971:339 (tax.).
Jupp 1972:103 (M*; tax.).
Gutsevich, Monchadsky and Stackelberg 1974:385 (M*, F, L*).
White 1975:316,320 (tax.; lectotype desig.; distr.).
Sirivanakarn 1976:48 (M*, F*, P, L*; distr.).
Rodhain et al. 1977:279 (distr.).
Beier et al. 1986:164 (distr.).
Harbach 1988: 52 (M*, F, P*, L*; tax., keys, bion., distr.)
Suleman, Khan and Khan 1993:321 (distr.).
Jupp 1996 (M*, F*; key)
Eritja et al. 2000: 12 (distr., Spain).
Ribeiro et al. 2002: 34 (distr., Portugal).
Ahmed et al 2011: (distr. Saudi Arabia).

Synonyms:

Distribution:
Algeria, Angola, Benin, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Djibouti, Egypt, Ethiopia, France, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Greece, India, Israel (and Gaza Strip & West Bank), Kenya, Lebanon, Liberia, Madagascar (includes Glorioso & Juan De NovaIs), Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Portugal, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sudan and South Sudan, Syria, Tanzania, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uganda, United States; contiguous lower 48, Yemen, Zimbabwe

Bionomics:
Larvae are found in ground pools, marshy pools, barrow pits, stagnant drains and streams, canals and shallow wells. Females feed on birds and mammals other than man (Sirivanakarn 1976).

Medical Importance:
Vector of West Nile and Sindbis viruses (Sirivanakarn 1976).