Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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fluviatilis James

1902:31 (A*, L*).
Type-loc: Duars (Jalpaiguri District) [West Bengal], Nagpur [Central Provinces], and the Jeypore Hill Tracts, India (LU)

Additional References:
Christophers 1933:203 (M*, F*, P, L*, E).
Puri, in Boyd 1949:490 (biol.).
Horsfall 1955:214 (biol.).
Bhombore, Sitaraman and Achuthan 1956:23 (biol.).
Maffi 1971:449 (L*; distr.).
Chowdaiah and Seetharam 1975:495 (chromosomes*).
Harrison, Rattanarithikul, Peyton and Mongkolpanya 1991:223 (distr.).
Oo, Storch and Becker 2004: 24 (distr., Myanmar).
Sinka et al. 2011: 89 (Fluviatilis Complex; bionomics review, distr., niche model)
Dev and Sharma 2013 (syst., bion.; Fluviatilis Cmplx.)

Synonyms:

Distribution:
Afghanistan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, China, Hong Kong, India, Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Vietnam, Yemen

Bionomics:
Not usually found below 1000 ft. Larvae are found in the grassy edges of slow moving streams, springs, irrigation channels, sometimes in the edges of swamps and lakes. Females readily bite man, feeding generally before midnight (Christophers 1933).

Medical Importance:
Primary malaria vector (Christophers 1933)