Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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funestus Giles

1900b:50 (M, F*).
Type-loc: Freetown, [Sierra Leone] (BM)

Additional References:
Macfie and Ingram 1922: [F*].
de Meillon 1947b:114 (M*, F*, P*, L*, E*).
Service 1960a:77 (M*, F*, E*; tax.).
Gillies and de Meillon 1968:131 (distr.).
de Meillon, Van Eeden, Coetzee, Coetzee, Meiswinkel, Du Toit and Hansford 1977:657 (tax.).
Sinka et al. 2010: 117 (bionomics review, distr., niche model)
Dia et al. 2013 (syst., bion.; Funestus Group)

Synonyms:

Distribution:
Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar (includes Glorioso & Juan De NovaIs), Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan and South Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Bionomics:
In most parts of its range, funestus breeds characteristically in bodies of clear water that are either large and more or less permanent, e.g. swamps (near edges if deep), weedy sides of streams, rivers, furrows or ditches, protected portions of lake shore, ponds, etc., especially when weedy, or water such as seepages, which are fed from underground permanent sources (Evans 1938). A. funestus is one of the most anthropophilic mosquitoes known…. The great bulk of feeding takes place inside houses after 2200 up to dawn (Gillies and deMeillon 1968).

Medical Importance:
A. funestus is a vector of malaria and bancroftian filariasis (Gillies and deMeillon 1968).